Click for Fuerteventura, Canary Islands Forecast

Beatancuria Massif

View through the Massif

The isthmus of La Pared

Click to enlarge

Malapais la Arena

Mt Arena(420m)

Mt de la Mancha(152m)

Mt Loma Blanca(144m)

Mt Roja the red mountain(312m)

Lava flows on route to El Cotillo

Volcanic History

Fuerteventura was the first of the Canary islands to be born from Volcanic eruptions it is made up of Volcanic Fissure vents and has no live Volcanoes and has had no eruptions for the last few thousand years, unlike Tenerife which last had activity in 1909 and La Palma in 1971, they are both classed as Stratovolcanoes and are of Historical interest and could both erupt again.
Tenerife’s Mt Teide is 3715 m 12,188 feet high is based on two relief lines that cross the island so it is likely that the island will erupt again at some point. La Palma is the most active volcanic Island of the Canary Islands and is made up from two volcanoes one of which is not active.

The relief lines than run through the islands

Volcanic activity is not and has never been continuous on Fueretventura.
All the Canary Islands are based on the volcanic archipelago in the eastern Atlantic at the northwest Africa.
The archipelago was formed by a dual process of underwater eruptions and the thrusting up of large sections of the oceanic crust from the pressure of the Atlantic Plate.

Fueretevntura was once split in to two islands with the Jandia Massif born first from the first series of eruptions believed to be around 17 million years ago and with the highest volcanic structures on the island.The pico de of la Zarza is 807m and is the highest point of the Jandia massif.

The Jandia Massif(Pico de la Zarza)and a view  from La pared

The second series some time between 5-10 million years ago saw the birth of the massif of Betancuria (the middle part of the island) producing smaller out cropings of volcanic ridges and lava planes the central part of the island is relativly smooth from the erosion process resulting in their characteristic modeled and sculptured looks.

The two islands are now joined by the Jable(sand dunes)of the isthmus of La Pared the island took it’s present shape in the Pliocene-Pleistocene era.
Part of the Massif of Jandia has broken away over the years and slipped back into the sea forming a rocky plate and dangerous waters around Cofete.

After a long period of inactivity volcanic activity resumed some 2 millions years ago with the birth of the Malipaises in the north of the island.
Here  you have large areas of lava planes and out crops of rocky mountains, the most recent of the volcanic larva flows became the "Malapais"(the Bad lands)and the most important are around La Oliva with Mt Arena 420m being the most impressive, the northern tip has some smaller volcanoes and lava flows of interest.

The crater of Mt Loma Blanca and the Larva formations

With little or no rejuvenation of the island the geological landscape is being morphed and reshaped by the process of erosion, the strong winds batter the island and with the lack of vegetation to hold down and prevent the erosion the reshaping of the islands landscape is ever changing.